Design: The emblem of the Postal Department, a double-headed imperial eagle and two crossing post horns below, embossed in white oval center on the colored background and surrounded by the imperial mantle topped with a crown.
Designer and engraver: F.Kepler.
Face value: 10 kop., 20 kop. and 30 kop., placed as digits in each corner and as wording in bottom part of stamps. 10 kop. stamps were used for 12.797 g (1 lot) letters, 20 kop. – 2 lots, 30 kop. – 3 lots.
These typographed stamps printed on a white loose paper with a different thickness (from 0,08 to 0,11 mm) and gummed by white transparent gum, measures 16.3 mm wide by 22.4 mm high. The stamps were printed on sheets of 100, four 5×5 blocks.
|1||10 kop.||Typo, white paper, no perf., brown & blue||–||20000||300|
|2||10 kop.||Typo, white paper, harrow perf. 14½-14¾:15, brown & blue||10000||3000||100|
|3||20 kop.||Typo, white paper, harrow perf. 14½-14¾:15, blue & orange||20000||7000||600|
|4||30 kop.||Typo, white paper, harrow perf. 14½-14¾:15, carmine & green||20000||10000||1000|
The printing started in November 1857 on hand-made paper. The stamps were printed using two cliches: the first one were used to print a double-headed eagle and the second used to print background and all other parts of design.
First Issue Watermarks
The first Russian postage stamp was officially issued on December 22, 1857, by the circular of the Postal Department “On the bringing of postal stamps for the common use” that also directed the following:
Starting from 1 January of the next year 1858, usual private letters to all the places of the Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland brought to the post in usual envelopes or without envelope at all just with addresses written on the letter itself should be sent only with the stamp corresponding to the letter weight.
The stamps went on sale 10 December 1857, but officially people started to use them to pay internal correspondence in Russia on January 1, 1858, and on March 1, 1858 in the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, and Siberia areas.
Empire #1. Broken “0” in “10” in lower left corner. Price: +50%.
Postmarks and Cancellations
Forgeries of all stamps are exist.